A Department of Homeland Security Emeritus Center of Excellence led by the University of Maryland

Book Talk: "From Freedom Fighters to Jihadists"


Book Talk: "From Freedom Fighters to Jihadists"

Date: 
Tuesday, October 15, 2019
Time: 
12:00pm - 1:00pm
Location: 

START Headquarters

Vera Mironova will give a book talk at START at 12:00 p.m. October 15 on her new book “From Freedom Fighters to Jihadists: Human Resources of Non State Armed Groups.” All are welcome to attend the event, but RSVPs are required. Light refreshments will be served. If you are not a START affiliate, please email Eva Coll (escoll@umd.edu) if you're interested in attending for more information.

At the start of the Syrian conflict in 2011, thousands of pro-democracy rebel groups spontaneously formed to fight the Assad regime. Years later, the revolution was unrecognizable as rebel opposition forces had merged into three major groups: Jabhat al-Nusra, Ahrar al Sham, and the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Why did these three groups rapidly increase in size and military strength while others simply disappeared? What is it about their organizational structure and their Islamist ideology that helped the group manage their fighters so successfully?

With these questions at the forefront, this book examines the internal organization of armed groups and, in particular, their human resources. Analyzing the growth of these groups through the prism of a labor market theory, this book shows that extreme Islamist groups were able to attract fighters away from more moderate groups because they had better internal organization, took better care of fighters both physically and monetarily, experienced less internal corruption, and effectively used their Islamist ideology to control recruits. With unparalleled access and extensive ethnographic research drawn from her interviews and her year embedded with Iraqi Special Operation forces, Mironova delves deep into the ideological and practical nexus of some of the most radical groups in the Middle East. This book brings together more than 600 survey-interviews with local civilians and fighters on the frontline in Syria and a dataset of human resource policies from 40 armed groups; it is an invaluable resource for anyone who wants insight into the on the ground functioning of rebel organizations.

Vera Mironova is a Visiting Fellow at Harvard University. She received her Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Maryland and for three years was an International Security Fellow at the Robert and Renée Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Dr. Mironova, whose research explores individual level behavior in conflict environments, has conducted fieldwork in numerous active conflict zones and post-conflict regions all over the world, and from 2016 to 2017, she was embedded with Iraqi Special Operations Forces during the Mosul Operation. Her scholarship has been featured in numerous publications including The New York TimesForeign Policy, BBC, and The Boston Globe. She has also served as a commentator for a number of major media outlets, including The New York Times, the Associated Press, Washington Post, and Vice News.