A Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence led by the University of Maryland

Individual Behavior


Individual Behavior

Project Title Investigators Project Period
A Comparative Study of Violent Extremism and Gangs Gary LaFree January, 2015 to December, 2018
Empirical Assessment of Domestic Disengagement and Deradicalization (EAD3) Michael Jensen, Peter Simi, Gina Scott Ligon January, 2015 to December, 2018
Using Experimental Research to Study the Dynamics of Radicalization, Terrorism, and Counterterrorism Anthony Lemieux July, 2012 to December, 2017
Computational Modeling of Grievances and Political Instability Through Global Media Gary LaFree September, 2014 to September, 2017
Modeling the Emergence of Leaders in Self-Organizing Social Networks Nina Fefferman July, 2016 to July, 2017
The Terrorism and Extremist Violence in the United States (TEVUS) Database Gary LaFree, Brent Smith, Joshua Freilich, Steven Chermak, Erin Miller, William Braniff, Kathleen Smarick March, 2009 to June, 2017
Empirical Assessment of Domestic Radicalization (EADR) Michael Jensen, Gary LaFree January, 2013 to December, 2016
Developing a Typology of Terrorism Involvement: A basis for sentencing, management, risk reduction, release & monitoring of terrorist offenders July, 2012 to December, 2015
Framing Global Salafi-Jihadist Messages in the West Peter Neumann July, 2012 to December, 2015
Recruitment and Radicalization among US Far-Right Terrorists Peter Simi July, 2012 to December, 2015
Radicalization of Momin Khawaja Clark McCauley, Sophia Moskalenko July, 2013 to June, 2015
Counter Radicalization of Scientists in CBRN-relevant Technical Fields Arie Kruglanski, Gary Ackerman, Michele Gelfand September, 2013 to April, 2015
Insider Threat for Inbound International Air Cargo Gary Ackerman October, 2013 to March, 2015
Validating Models of Adversary Behavior Jun Zhuang July, 2012 to December, 2013
Building Resilience to Violent Extremism Among Somali-Americans in Minneapolis-St. Paul Stevan Weine August, 2010 to August, 2012
Border Crossings and Terrorist Attacks in the United States: Lessons for Protecting Against Dangerous Entrants Brent Smith, Erin Miller, Gary LaFree, Kathleen Smarick March, 2010 to August, 2012
Islamic Radicalization in Europe and North America: Parallels and Divergence Gary Ackerman, John Sawyer, Peter Neumann June, 2008 to December, 2011
European Converts to Islam: An Evolving Threat? Emmanuel Karagiannis June, 2009 to May, 2011
Martyrs without Borders: Iraq's Foreign Fighters and the Third Generation of Global Jihad Mohammed Hafez June, 2008 to May, 2011
Measuring Intervention Success in Terrorist Activities Brent Smith September, 2008 to June, 2010
Behavioral Assessments Based on Automated Text Analyses James Pennebaker November, 2008 to May, 2010
Community-level Indicators of Radicalization: A Data and Measurement Workshop Gary LaFree, Kathleen Smarick, Shira Fishman September, 2009 to February, 2010
Cell Groups and Individual Radicalization in Indonesia, United Kingdom, and the United States Douglas M. McLeod June, 2008 to December, 2009
Social Network Analysis for Combating Terrorist Networks Alan Neustadtl, R. Karl Rethemeyer, Victor Asal June, 2006 to June, 2009
Effects of Uncertainty on Support for Religious Extremism Arie Kruglanski June, 2005 to January, 2009
Support for Terrorism as a Function of Individualistic and Collectivistic Goals Arie Kruglanski June, 2005 to January, 2009
Campus Dialogues Jonathan Wilkenfeld January, 2006 to May, 2008
Decision Making and Simulation Anthony Lemieux, Jonathan Wilkenfeld, Victor Asal June, 2005 to May, 2008
Modeling and Simulation of Individual and Group Decision-making Anthony Lemieux, Jonathan Wilkenfeld June, 2005 to May, 2008
Project Title Publication Date START Authors Publication Type
A Look at Terrorist Behavior: How They Prepare, Where They Strike July 2008 Smith, Brent Journal Article
Actions Speak Louder than Words: A Behavioral Analysis of 183 Individuals Convicted for Terrorist Offenses in the United States from 1995 to 2012 September 2016 Horgan, John Journal Article
Addicted to Hate: Identity Residual among Former White Supremacists August 2017 Simi, Peter Journal Article
Adolescents discuss their reactions to the September 11 attacks January 2006 Pfefferbaum, Betty Journal Article
Alienation, Religion, Economics and Politics: Testing Theories of Radicalization in Polls of U.S. Muslims January 2009 McCauley, Clark
An Army of One: Assessing CBRN Pursuit and Use by Lone Wolves and Autonomous Cells January 2014 Ackerman, Gary; Pinson, Lauren Journal Article
An Experimental Investigation of the Choice of Terror and Support for Taking Action January 2008 Lemieux, Anthony; Wilkenfeld, Jonathan; Asal, Victor Research Brief
Anger or Ability: Arguing the Causes of Rebellion February 2013 Sin, Steve; Asal, Victor Journal Article
Annex of Statistical Information: Country Reports on Terrorism 2016 July 2017 Miller, Erin Report
Assessing the Effectiveness of Current De‐Radicalization Initiatives and Identifying Implications for the Development of U.S.‐Based Initiatives in Multiple Settings September 2009 Horgan, John Report
Book Review of S.A. Wright, Patriots, Politics, and the Oklahoma City Bombing January 2008 Freilich, Joshua Book Review
Boomerang: Opinion versus Action in the Radicalization of Abu-Mulal al-Balawi July 2010 McCauley, Clark Journal Article
Border Crossings and Terrorist Attacks in the United States: Lessons for Protecting against Dangerous Entrants November 2012 LaFree, Gary; Smarick, Kathleen Report
Building Resilience to Violent Extremism Among Somali-Americans in Minneapolis-St.Paul August 2012 Weine, Stevan Report
Building Resilience to Violent Extremism Among Somali-Americans in Minneapolis-St.Paul Handout May 2012 Weine, Stevan Research Brief
Can Obama Restore the US Image in the Middle East? January 2008 Kull, Steven Journal Article
Catch Them Coming and Going: Probabilistic Pathway Projection to Counter Foreign Fighters March 2016 Woods, Brady; House, Joshua; Boyd, Marcus A. Report
Characteristics of Lone-Wolf Violent Offenders: a Comparison of Assassins and School Attackers February 2013 McCauley, Clark; Moskalenko, Sophia Journal Article
Characteristics of Violent Lone-Offenders: a Comparison of Assassins and School Attackers (Research Highlight) May 2014 McCauley, Clark; Moskalenko, Sophia Research Brief
Circles Drawing Toward High Risk Activism: The Use of Usroh and Halaqa in Islamist Radical Movements May 2008 McLeod, Douglas Journal Article
Community and Family Approaches to Combating the Radicalization and Recruitment of Somali-American Youth and Young Adults: A Psychosocial Perspective November 2009 Horgan, John; Weine, Stevan Journal Article
Comparing Social Media and Traditional Surveys Around the Boston Marathon Bombing April 2016 McGrath, Erin; LaFree, Gary Conference Paper
Configuring Legitmacy: A Framework fo Legitimation in Armed Conflict April 2014 Asal, Victor Book
Consenting to a Child's Decision to Join a Jihad: Insights from a Survey of Militant Families in Pakistan January 2008 Journal Article
Criminology Theory and Terrorism June 2015 LaFree, Gary; Freilich, Joshua Book
Critical Events in the Life Trajectories of Domestic Extremist White Supremacist Groups August 2009 Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven Journal Article
Cues to Catching Deception October 2012 Ackerman, Gary Report
Deadlier in the U.S.? On Lone Wolves, Terrorist Groups, and Attack Lethality August 2015 Phillips, Brian Journal Article
Deadlier in the U.S.? On Lone Wolves, Terrorist Groups, and Attack Lethality November 2015 Phillips, Brian Journal Article
Discussion Point: Is Aaron Alexis part of a larger phenomenon of lone-actor grievance-based violence? September 2013 McCauley, Clark Discussion Point
Distinguishing "Loner" Attacks from Other Domestic Extremist Violence July 2013 Gruenewald, Jeffrey; Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven Journal Article
Don't Tread on Me: Masculine Honor Ideology in the U.S. and Militant Responses to Terrorism July 2012 Journal Article
Driving-Forces Model on Individual Behavior in Scenarios Considering Moving Threat Agents April 2017 Zhuang, Jun Journal Article
Empirical Assessment of Domestic Radicalization (EADR) December 2016 LaFree, Gary; Tinsley, Herbert; Stevenson, John; Jensen, Michael; James, Patrick Report
Exploring Behavioral Regions in Agents' Mental Maps August 2015 Journal Article
Exposure to Muslims in Media and Support for Public Policies Targeting Muslims November 2015 Lemieux, Anthony Journal Article
Far-Right Lone Wolf Homicides in the United States November 2013 Gruenewald, Jeffrey; Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven Journal Article
Friction: How Radicalization Happens to Them and Us January 2011 McCauley, Clark; Moskalenko, Sophia Book
From the Caucasus to Boston and Beyond April 2013 Discussion Point
Grievance, Social Dominance Orientation, and Authoritarianism in the Choice and Justification of Terror Versus Protest November 2010 Lemieux, Anthony; Asal, Victor Journal Article
How Many Suicide Terrorists are Suicidal? August 2014 McCauley, Clark Journal Article
How Women Engage Homegrown Terrorism April 2014 Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven Journal Article
Ideological Victimization: Homicides Perpetrated by Far-Right Extremists April 2014 Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven; Parkin, William Journal Article
Individual and group mechanisms of radicalization January 2010 McCauley, Clark; Moskalenko, Sophia White Paper
Inspire Magazine: A Critical Analysis of its Significance and Potential Impact Through the Lens of the Information, Motivation, and Behavioral Skills Model January 2014 Lemieux, Anthony; Brachman, Jarret
Intensely Exposed Oklahoma City Terrorism Survivors: Long-term Mental Health and Health Needs and Posttraumatic Growth January 2016 Pfefferbaum, Betty Journal Article
Lone Wolf Terrorists: What Motivates Them? March 2017 McCauley, Clark; Moskalenko, Sophia Journal Article
Lone-Offender Terrorists July 2013 LaFree, Gary Journal Article
Lone-Offender Terrorists-Editorial Introduction July 2013 LaFree, Gary Journal Article
Lying About Terrorism January 2014 Book Chapter
Mechanisms of Political Radicalization: Pathways Toward Terrorism July 2008 McCauley, Clark; Moskalenko, Sophia Journal Article
Mental Illness and Terrorism July 2016 James, Patrick Discussion Point
Micro Big Data and Geosimulation April 2015 Conference Paper
Middle Eastern Youth and the Arab Spring: Cross-National Variation and Trends in Values September 2014 Moaddel, Mansoor Journal Article
Momin Khawaja: Mechanisms of Radicalization August 2016 McCauley, Clark; Moskalenko, Sophia Report
Pathways Toward Radicalization October 2008 McCauley, Clark Research Brief
Patterns of Lone Actor Terrorism in the United States: Research Brief October 2014 Smith, Brent; Gruenewald, Jeffrey; Roberts, Paxton
Patterns of Terrorism in the United States, 1970-2014 May 2016 Miller, Erin Report
Political Islam and Social Movement Theory: The Case of Hizb ut-Tahrir in Kyrgyzstan February 2005 Karagiannis, Emmanuel Journal Article
Political Mobilization and Institutions April 2015 Chenoweth, Erica Book Chapter
Political, Religious, and Psychological Characteristics of Muslim Protest Marchers in Eight European Cities: Jerusalem Day 2002 December 2005 McCauley, Clark Journal Article
Politically motivated violent extremism January 2012 McCauley, Clark Book Chapter
Powers and Problems of Integrating Social Media Data with Public Health and Safety September 2015 LaFree, Gary Conference Paper
Probabilistic Pathway Projection to Counter Foreign Fighters April 2016 House, Joshua; Boyd, Marcus Research Brief
Profiles of Individual Radicalization in the United States-Foreign Fighters: Infographics October 2017 Jensen, Michael; James, Patrick Research Brief
Profiles of Individual Radicalization in the United States: Preliminary Findings January 2014 Tinsley, Herbert; Jensen, Michael; James, Patrick Research Brief
Profiles of Individual Radicalization in the United States: An Empirical Assessment of Domestic Radicalization January 2014 Tinsley, Herbert; Jensen, Michael; James, Patrick Project Fact Sheet
Profiles of Individual Radicalization in the United States: Preliminary Findings (Oct. 2015) February 2016
Psychological Correlates of Support for Compromise: A Polling Study of Jewish-Israeli Attitudes toward Solutions to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict October 2005 McCauley, Clark Journal Article
Putting Terrorism in Context: Lessons from the Global Terrorism Database (Contemporary Terrorism Studies) January 2015 Miller, Erin; LaFree, Gary; Dugan, Laura Book
Religiosity and Reactions to Terrorism May 2015 Adamczyk, Amy; LaFree, Gary Journal Article
Research Brief: Validation of the Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting (SAR) Initiative March 2015 Smith, Brent; Gruenewald, Jeffrey; Freilich, Joshua; Roberts, Paxton; Chermak, Steven; Parkin, William Research Brief
Review of Janja Lalich, Bounded Choice: True Believers and Charismatic Cults March 2005 Bale, Jeffrey Book Review
Seeing is believing: communication modality, anger, and support for action on behalf of out-groups October 2013 Glasford, Demis Journal Article
Service-Seeking Behavior, Perceptions of Armed Actors, and Preferences Regarding Governance: Evidence from the Palestinian Territories May 2015 Flanigan, Shawn
Shifts in Perceptions of NGOs with the Creation of the Palestinian National Authority September 2014 Flanigan, Shawn Journal Article
Should START Researchers Embrace the Brain? February 2013 Ligon, Gina Scott; Simi, Peter Discussion Point
Significance Quest Theory as the Driver of Radicalization towards Terrorism June 2015 Kruglanski, Arie; Gelfand, Michele Book Chapter
Situational Crime Prevention and Non-violent Terrorism: A 'Soft' Approach against Ideologically Motivated Tax-refusal November 2009 Freilich, Joshua; Belli, Roberta Journal Article
Social psychological approaches to understanding and preventing terrorism: Toward an interdisciplinary perspective January 2006 Lemieux, Anthony Journal Article
START Symposium 2015: Individual Radicalization Panel October 2015 Presentation
Suicide Bombers in Iraq, 2003-2010:Disaggregating Targets Can Reveal Insurgent Motives and Priorities January 2014 Book Chapter
Surveying American State Police Agencies about Lone Wolves, Far-Right Criminality, and Far-Right and Islamic Jihadist Criminal Collaboration January 2010 Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven Journal Article
Teaching International Crises with Online Simulations: A Case Study of an India-Pakistan Crisis March 2012 Biswas, Bidisha Conference Paper
Temporal Sequencing, Incident Sophistication, and Terrorist Outcomes August 2016 Smith, Brent; Gruenewald, Jeff Research Brief
Terror, Trauma, and Text: Writing Counterrevolution in Colonial Algeria November 2009 Book Chapter
Terrorism and the North Caucasus: An Overview April 2013 Johns, Mila Background Report
Terrorism—A (self) love story: Redirecting the significance quest can end violence. October 2013 Kruglanski, Arie; Gelfand, Michele
Terrorist Attacks Targeting Critical Infrastructure in the United States, 1970-2015 June 2016 Miller, Erin Report
Testing a Rational Choice Model of Airline Hijackings November 2005 LaFree, Gary; Dugan, Laura Journal Article
The Case of Ramzi Youssef November 2005 Ackerman, Gary Book Chapter
The Impact of the Orlando Mass Shooting on Fear of Victimization and Gun-Purchasing Intentions: Not What One Might Expect August 2017 Kruglanski, Arie Journal Article
The psychological structure of aggression across cultures July 2013 Gelfand, Michele Journal Article
The psychology of lone-wolf terrorism July 2011 McCauley, Clark; Moskalenko, Sophia Journal Article
The Psychology of Radicalization and Deradicalization: How Significance Quest Impacts Violent Extremism February 2014 Kruglanski, Arie; Gelfand, Michele Journal Article
The Scared, the Outraged, and the Anxious: How Crisis Emotions, Involvement, and Demographics Predict Publics' Conative Coping April 2016 Liu, Brooke; Fraustino, Julia; Jin, Yan Journal Article
The State of State Repression Research Since the 1990s July 2012 Journal Article
Toward a Profile of Lone Wolf Terrorists: What Moves an Individual from Radical Opinion to Radical Action January 2014 McCauley, Clark; Moskalenko, Sophia Journal Article
Transnational Islamist Networks: Western Fighters in Afghanistan, Somalia and Syria December 2013 Karagiannis, Emmanuel Journal Article
Trauma as a Precursor to Violent Extremism April 2015 Simi, Peter Research Brief
Trends in Israeli policing: terrorism, community, victimization and crime control January 2014 Weisburd, David Journal Article
Turning Away from Terrorism: Lessons from Psychology, Sociology, and Criminology September 2014 Horgan, John Journal Article
Two Possible Profiles of Lone-actor Terrorists September 2013 McCauley, Clark; Moskalenko, Sophia White Paper
U.S. Muslims after 9/11: Poll Trends 2001-2007 March 2009 McCauley, Clark Journal Article
U.S. Polls: Public Opinion and Right‐Wing Extremism April 2010 McCauley, Clark Report
Understanding Lone-actor Terrorism: A Comparative Analysis with Violent Hate Crimes and Group-based Terrorism September 2013 Deloughery, Kathleen; King, Ryan; Asal, Victor Report
Utilizing Web-based GIS Platform to Visualize and Explore the Spatiotemporal Trajectory Behavior Pattern April 2015 Conference Paper
Western Muslims Volunteering to fight in Syria and Iraq: Why do they go, and what should we do? July 2015 McCauley, Clark; Moskalenko, Sophia Journal Article
What is lone wolf terrorism? November 2009 LaFree, Gary; Freilich, Joshua; Simi, Peter; Chermak, Steven Book Chapter
What's special about U.S. Muslims? The war on terrorism as seen by Muslims in the United States, Morocco, Egypt, Pakistan, and Indonesia January 2008 McCauley, Clark Journal Article
Title
Profiles of Individual Radicalization in the United States (PIRUS) data now available
More plot participants, greater rate of attack success
Another Look at Jujitsu Politics
Computational Social Science: Understanding terrorist attacks on Twitter
New START model forecasts the flow of foreign fighters
Mohamed Nimer on the Americanization and Evolution of Islamism
Discussion Point: Insider Threat in the Aviation Industry
Tall Ambitions from the START
Patterns of Lone Actor Terrorism in the U.S.
START Researchers on Canadian Parliament Shooter Michael Zahaf-Bibeau
New research brief comparing lone-actor violent offenders
A grassroots approach to tackling violent extremsim
A closer look at the 2,600 terrorist attacks in US, 1970-2012
Preliminary findings on Profiles of Individual Radicalization in the US
Finding answers in social psychology
START Newsletter: Intelligence and security; perspectives on terrorism; Hezbollah; 'big data' and coding
Researcher Spotlight: Dr. Clark McCauley
START seeking 2014 Outstanding Article Award nominations
START Newsletter: Violent hate crimes and lone-actor terrorism; Cultural values and terrorism; Al-Shabaab
Violent hate crimes offer insights into lone-actor terrorism
Discussion Point: Is Aaron Alexis part of a larger phenomenon of lone-actor grievance-based violence?
Significant Terrorism Events in the News: September 2013
START researchers awarded top honors for applying marketing framework to violent groups
Lone-actors fueled by grievance, personal crises, weapons use
Discussion Point: From the Caucasus to Boston and Beyond
Database Spotlight: Update on Profiles of Perpetrators of Terrorism in the US
Discussion Point: Should START Researchers Embrace the Brain?
START Research Brief: Al-Shabaab's use of Twitter
New report: Social media use during disasters
Study shows hate crimes more likely to occur after terrorist attacks
Researcher Spotlight: Michele Gelfand
New data reveals al-Qaida-linked groups among most active terrorist groups in the world
Research Brief: Law Enforcement Efforts to Counter Violent Extremism
Terrorism: A Self-Love Story
CBRN terrorism by non-state actors
New report assesses factors related to violent extremism among Somali-Americans in Minneapolis-St. Paul
Far-right Violence in the United States: 1990-2010
Temple Gunman Said Military Experience Drove Him To Hate
Masculine honor ideology shapes responses to terrorism
Researcher spotlight: Anthony Lemieux
Leading terrorism expert discusses mobilization of women into terrorist networks
START researcher invited to discuss terrorists' motivations
START Affiliate Releases Report on Al-Awlaki
START Researchers Participate in Session on Psychology of Terrorism
Audio Available from "Why Radicalize?" seminar with Jessica Stern
START Responds to White House Report on Preventing Violent Extremism
New START Project to Focus on Extremist Violence in U.S. Counties
Summer Course Offerings
Summer 2011 Research Opportunities: CoMET
Exciting Winter Courses Now Offered ONLINE
**START Releases 2010 Update to the Global Terrorism Database**
REPORT RELEASE: ICSR/START Report on Prison Radicalisation to be Launched at New York Summit
Today: START Seminar: Why Radicalize? Follow live on Twitter
START Researchers on Recent Shooting at the Pentagon
**Background Information: Far-Right Attacks on U.S. Law Enforcement **
New START Research Brief: Pathways Towards Radicalization
START Students Awarded Prizes in Poster Contest
Global Terrorism Database Data Files Now Available through Terrorism and Preparedness Data Resource Center
START Expands its Research Brief Series
New Research Briefs Available from START
Applications Now Being Accepted from UMaryland Undergraduates for Terrorism Studies Minor Program
START's Clark McCauley to Serve as Editor of New Journal on Asymmetric Conflict
Summer Opportunities for Undergrads at UMD
START Co-PI Kruglanski receives Regents' Faculty Research Award from University System of Maryland
START Visiting Fellow featured in NYTimes Magazine
Elliott Participates in White House Conference on School Safety
Kruglanski Honored by Society of Experimental Social Psychology
START Announces Fellowships for 2005-06
White House Science and Technology Director Addresses Need for Innovations to Combat Terrorism
Image Title Job Title Institution
Aaron Safer-Lichtenstein

Graduate Assistant, START

University of Maryland
Alejandro Beutel

Senior Research Analyst

Southern Poverty Law Center
Ann Norwood

Senior Associate

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Anthony Lemieux Anthony Lemieux

Associate Professor of Communication and Lead Researcher of the Transcultural Conflict and Violence Program

Georgia State University
Christian Leuprecht

Professor

Royal Military College
Clark McCauley Clark McCauley

Professor of Psychology

Bryn Mawr College
Cory Davenport Cory Davenport

Senior Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Daniel Smith

Senior Research Specialist, START

University of Maryland
Daniella Fridl Daniella Fridl

Former Assistant Research Director, START

University of Maryland
Deborah Cai

Professor and Senior Associate Dean, Klein College of Media and Communication

Temple University
Devin Ellis

Policy & Research Program Director, ICONS Project

University of Maryland
Emmanuel Karagiannis Emmanuel Karagiannis

Senior Lecturer of International Relations

King's College
Gary Ackerman Gary Ackerman

Director, Unconventional Weapons and Technology Division, START

University of Maryland
Hamid Mohtadi

Professor of Economics

University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
Jeff Gruenewald

Associate Professor

Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis
John Sawyer John Sawyer

Commercialization Director, START

University of Maryland
Joshua Freilich

Professor

John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York
Joyce Rasing

Graduate Education Program Coordinator, START

University of Maryland
Kurt Braddock

Post-doctoral teaching fellow

Pennsylvania State University
Markus Binder

Project Manager/Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Michael Jensen Michael Jensen

Senior Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Michelle Jacome Michelle Jacome

Project Manager/Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Omi Hodwitz

Assistant Professor

University of Idaho
START Researcher Patrick James Patrick James

Project Manager/Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Peter Simi

Associate Professor, Chapman University

Director, Earl Babbie Research Center

Chapman University
Peter Weinberger Peter Weinberger

Senior Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Rashmi Singh Rashmi Singh

Associate Professor

The Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais
Roberta Belli

  Security Information Analyst, United Nations Department of Safety and Security

United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS)
Roger Tourangeau

Research Professor Emeritus

University of Michigan
Shawn Flanigan Shawn Flanigan

Professor of Public Affairs

San Diego State University
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