A Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence led by the University of Maryland

A consortium of researchers dedicated to improving the understanding of the human causes and consequences of terrorism

New START Research Brief: Pathways Towards Radicalization

New START Research Brief: Pathways Towards Radicalization

November 4, 2008

Pathways Towards Radicalization is drawn from the START project, State Responses to Terrorism. The project is led by principle investigator Clark McCauley and researcher Sophia Moskalenko of Bryn Mawr College. Abstract: We conceptualize political radicalization as increasing extremity of beliefs, feelings, and actions in support of intergroup conflict, and we identify mechanisms of radicalization for individuals, groups, and mass publics.

Contrary to conventional wisdom, radicalization cannot be understood by focusing only on radicalized actors; most of the mechanisms identified depend on a trajectory of action and reaction that develops between those radicalized and the enemy they are radicalized against. The foundations of this trajectory are ingroup identification and perceived threat to the ingroup. We conclude that understanding radicalization requires understanding the dynamics of intergroup conflict as the conflict unfolds over time.