A Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence led by the University of Maryland

Radiological and Nuclear Threats


Radiological and Nuclear Threats

Project Title Investigators Project Period
Dissuading Adversaries and their Radiological/Nuclear Pathways: Integrating Deterrence Theory and Analytics in the Global Nuclear Detection Architecture (GNDA) Amy Pate, Brandon Behlendorf, Gary Ackerman, John Sawyer, Steve Sin October, 2013 to September, 2018
Dynamics of Terrorism and Counterterrorism Campaigns Gary Ackerman, Joseph Young, R. Karl Rethemeyer, Victor Asal July, 2014 to December, 2017
Developing Integrated Radiological and Nuclear Detection Architecture for the Interior and International Mission Space Steve Sin, Marcus A. Boyd September, 2016 to September, 2017
Towards an Understanding of Explosive Detection Technology Adoption: Results from Two Surveys Brooke Liu May, 2016 to June, 2017
International and Regional Architecture Reports Brandon Behlendorf, Emily Iarocci, Gary Ackerman, Steve Sin May, 2012 to September, 2015
Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) Process John Sawyer, Steve Sin September, 2014 to June, 2015
PRND Capability Development Framework Mapping John Sawyer, Marcus A. Boyd December, 2012 to June, 2015
Mobile Radiation Detectors: Threat Perception and Device Acceptance Brooke Liu, Elizabeth Petrun Sayers, Gary Ackerman April, 2014 to April, 2015
Insider Threat for Inbound International Air Cargo Gary Ackerman October, 2013 to March, 2015
Failure Points in Smuggling Networks Brandon Behlendorf September, 2013 to March, 2015
Integration of International Architecture Analysis Brandon Behlendorf, Emily Iarocci, Gary Ackerman, John Sawyer September, 2013 to March, 2015
Organized and/or Transnational Crime/Drug Cartel Nexus with Illicit Radiological/Nuclear Trade, Smuggling and/or Terrorism in Europe and North, Sahelian and West Africa Amy Pate, John Sawyer, Marcus A. Boyd, Steve Sin September, 2013 to March, 2015
New Analytical Methods for the Exploitation of Open-Source Structured Databases to Enhance Situational Awareness for Effective Counter-WMD Strategies Ronald Breiger, Gary Ackerman, Victor Asal, H. Brinton Milward, R. Karl Rethemeyer March, 2010 to March, 2014
Anatomizing Radiological and Nuclear Non-State Adversaries Gary Ackerman, Jeffrey Bale, R. Karl Rethemeyer June, 2012 to January, 2014
Radiological/Nuclear Adversaries Future Project Gary Ackerman, John Sawyer October, 2012 to December, 2013
The Threat of Pakistani Criminal Organizations: Assessing the Potential for Involvement in Radiological/Nuclear Smuggling, Collaboration with Terrorist Groups and the Potential to Destabilize the Pakistani State Amy Pate, Gary Ackerman April, 2012 to July, 2012
Global Nuclear Detection Architecture: A Study of South Asia Sharad Joshi October, 2008 to September, 2009
More Bang for the Buck?: Examining the Effect of Technological Change on Terrorist Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction Gary Ackerman, Jeffrey Bale July, 2005 to September, 2009
Distinctive Characteristics of Terrorist Groups Gary LaFree, Laura Dugan January, 2005 to June, 2009
Terrorist Groups and Weapons of Mass Destruction Gary Ackerman, Jonathan Wilkenfeld, R. Karl Rethemeyer, Victor Asal July, 2005 to May, 2008
Project Title Publication Date START Authors Publication Type
"Deterring Nuclear or 'WMD' Terrorism," Prepared for presentation to the Conference on "Deterring Terrorism: Theory and Practice February 2010 Crenshaw, Martha Conference Paper
A.Q. Khan Nuclear Smuggling Network March 2016 Journal Article
An Army of One: Assessing CBRN Pursuit and Use by Lone Wolves and Autonomous Cells January 2014 Ackerman, Gary; Pinson, Lauren Journal Article
Application of a Profile Similarity Methodology for Identifying Terrorist Groups That Use or Pursue CBRN Weapons September 2017 Ackerman, Gary; Milward, H. Brinton; Rethemeyer, R. Karl; Breiger, Ronald; Asal, Victor Book Chapter
Are Conditions Ripe for Negotiating with Iran? April 2008 Kull, Steven Journal Article
Attacking Nuclear Facilities: Hype or Genuine Threat? January 2016 Ackerman, Gary; Halverson, James Book Chapter
Aum Shinrikyo’s Nuclear and Chemical Weapons Development Efforts March 2016 Smith, Daniel Journal Article
CBRN Activity and Attacks by Insurgent Organizations October 2015 Ackerman, Gary; Rethemeyer, R. Karl; Asal, Victor Research Brief
Characteristics of Jihadists Who Use or Pursue CBRN: A Quantitative Approach November 2007 Rethemeyer, R. Karl; Asal, Victor Book Chapter
Community-Level Indicators of Radicalization: A Data and Methods Task Force February 2010 Fishman, Shira Report
Conclusion November 2007 Ackerman, Gary Book Chapter
Connections Can be Toxic: Terrorist Organizational Factors and the Pursuit of CBRN Weapons February 2012 Ackerman, Gary; Rethemeyer, R. Karl; Asal, Victor Journal Article
Countering Nuclear and Radiological Materials Illicit Trafficking Through Maritime Security Initiatives: Paper Tiger or Concrete Solution? A Case Study May 2015 Sin, Steve Conference Paper
Defining Knowledge Gaps Within CBRN Terrorism Research November 2008 Ackerman, Gary Book Chapter
Developing Consensus on Strengthening Article X(1) of the NPT February 2015 Murauskaite, Egle Research Brief
Diffusing Portable Radiation Detectors Among First Responders: Device Acceptance and Implications for Community Resilience August 2016 Liu, Brooke; Petrun Sayers, Elizabeth; Ackerman, Gary; Roberts, Holly; Iles, Irina A. Book Chapter
Federal Funding for Health Security in FY2016 June 2015 Sell, Tara Journal Article
From Factors to Actors: Enhancing the Reliability of CBRN Analysis April 2016 Ackerman, Gary; Pinson, Lauren; Breiger, Ronald Journal Article
Gauging the Threat August 2013 Ackerman, Gary; Pinson, Lauren Journal Article
Insider Threat for Inbound International Air Cargo October 2015 Sin, Steve
Introduction to the Forum: Non-State Actors, Terrorism, and Weapons of Mass Destruction February 2005 Wilkenfeld, Jonathan; Asal, Victor Journal Article
Islamist Use and Pursuit of CBRN Terrorism November 2008 Rethemeyer, R. Karl Book Chapter
Jihadist Ideology and Strategy and the Possible Employment of 'Weapons of Mass Destruction November 2007 Bale, Jeffrey Book Chapter
Jihadists and WMD: a re-evaluation of the future threat October 2014 Ackerman, Gary Journal Article
Maritime Security Initiatives: A Paper Tiger or a Concrete Solution? November 2016 Sin, Steve Journal Article
Motivations, Mechanisms and Determinants of Terrorist Technology Transfer October 2017 Ackerman, Gary; Halverson, James; Earnhardt, Rebecca (Becca) Research Brief
Nuclear Smuggling and Threats to Lithuanian Security December 2016 Murauskaite, Egle Journal Article
Nuclear Terrorism: Countering the Threat March 2016 Ackerman, Gary; Halverson, James; Boyd, Marcus; Sin, Steve Book
Nuclear Weapons and Existential Threats: Insights from a Comparative Analysis of Nuclear-Armed States October 2014 Asal, Victor Journal Article
Profiling the WMD Terrorism Threat November 2008 Ackerman, Gary; Bale, Jeffrey Book Chapter
Radiological/Nuclear Detection Capability Development Framework Mapping Tool March 2016 Boyd, Marcus; Sin, Steve Project Fact Sheet
Review of Bob Graham, et.al, World at Risk: The Report of the Commission on the Prevention of WMD Proliferation and Terrorism June 2009 Ackerman, Gary Book Review
Review of Janja Lalich, Bounded Choice: True Believers and Charismatic Cults March 2005 Bale, Jeffrey Book Review
Searching for the Nuclear Silk Road: Geospatial Analysis of Potential Illicit Radiological and Nuclear Material Trafficking Pathways January 2016 Boyd, Marcus; Sin, Steve Book Chapter
START Annual Meeting 2016: Quick-Fire Presentation - Unconventional Weapons and Technology, Political Instability, Risk Communication October 2016 Ackerman, Gary; LaFree, Gary; Roberts, Holly; Halverson, James; Binder, Markus; Egnoto, Michael; Sin, Steve
Terrorism Trends with a Focus on Energy and Mining June 2015 Pate, Amy Research Brief
Terrorist Organizational Factors and the Pursuit and Use of CBRN Terrorism March 2006 Ackerman, Gary Conference Paper
Testimony before United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Hearing on Nuclear Terrorism: Assessing the Threat to the Homeland April 2008 Ackerman, Gary Report
The DNI's Open Source Center: An Organizational Communication Perspective February 2007 Bean, Hamilton Journal Article
The Future of Jihadists and WMD November 2007 Ackerman, Gary Book Chapter
The Interplay between Terrorism, Nonstate Actors, and Weapons of Mass Destruction: An Exploration of the Pinkerton Database March 2005 LaFree, Gary; Dugan, Laura Journal Article
The Psychology of Terrorism: "Syndrome" Versus "Tool" Perspectives November 2005 Kruglanski, Arie Book Chapter
The Trust Paradox in Nuclear Smuggling December 2015 Murauskaite, Egle Journal Article
The “New” Face of Transnational Crime Organizations (TCOs): A Geopolitical Perspective and Implications to U.S. National Security May 2013 Pate, Amy; Ackerman, Gary; Johns, Mila White Paper
Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) Process: Assessing RN Threat Inclusion March 2016 Spalding, Sarah; Sin, Steve; Sell, Tara Research Brief
Transnational Illicit Trafficking (TransIT) Geospatial Tool March 2016 Boyd, Marcus; Sin, Steve Project Fact Sheet
Transnational Illicit Trafficking (TransIT) Geospatial Tool: Project Fact Sheet September 2013 Sawyer, John; Bluestone, Ruth Project Fact Sheet
Understanding the Adoption Process of National Security Technology: An Integration of Diffusion of Innovations and Volitional Behavior Theories February 2017 Liu, Brooke; Smith, Daniel; Ackerman, Gary; Roberts, Holly; Iles, Irina A.; Egnoto, Michael Journal Article
WMD Terrorism Research: Whereto from Here? July 2005 Ackerman, Gary Journal Article
Title
START student named Marshall Scholar
START research contributes to radiation safety guide
START study leads to support for SLTT officials
Scavenger hunt activity helps START team assess capability of mobile radiation detectors
START launches online course on terror-crime nexus and CBRN
Research Brief: Terrorism Trends with a Focus on Energy and Mining
Gary Ackerman, Steve Sin Represent START at 2015 CBRNe USA Conference
Hybrid organizations have greater motivational and operations ability for RN trafficking
START researcher presents paper on preventing illegal weapons trafficking in international waters at CBRNe USA Conference
The Non-Conventional Threat CBRNe event series comes to America
START Newsletter: Global terrorism increasing; GTD 2012 dataset released; New cyber research
Background Report: Truck carrying radioactive material stolen in Mexico
START researchers available to discuss radioactive material stolen in Mexico
START seeking 2014 Outstanding Article Award nominations
START aims to strengthen defense capabilities against WMD-seeking terrorists
START Symposium showcases impactful research, datasets
Breiger turns regression models 'inside out'
Researcher Spotlight: Ronald Breiger
Hybrid political criminal organizations pose RN smuggling threat
START researchers present work on transnational criminal organizations, terrorism and radiological/nuclear (RN) smuggling
CBRN terrorism by non-state actors
Database Spotlight: Radiological and Nuclear Non-State Adversaries (RANNSAD)
Researcher Spotlight: Lauren Pinson
Database spotlight: Big Allied and Dangerous (BAAD)
START workshop gives better understanding of CBRN technologies
New study shows alliances and not religious ideology are key to forecasting CBRN pursuit
The tradeoffs between protecting against man-made and natural disasters
START Partner Center for Biosecurity Launches
START Researchers Present at American Political Science Association Annual Conference
JOB OPPORTUNITY: START Special Research Projects IT Assistant
Press Release: START Panel Addresses Key Questions in Terrorism
Current Job Opportunities at START
Apply Now: Summer Workshop on Teaching about Terrorism
START Advisory Board member quoted in "Daily Telegraph" and CNN
START Announces Fellowships for 2005-06
Image Title Job Title Institution
Andrew Godard Andrew Godard

Project Manager/Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Ann Norwood

Senior Associate

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Brady Woods

GIS Analyst, START

Doctoral Student, Center for Geospatial Information Science (CGIS)

University of Maryland
Brandon Behlendorf Brandon Behlendorf

Assistant Director for Research Development/Senior Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Daniel Smith

Senior Research Specialist, START

University of Maryland
Egle Murauskaite

Senior Researcher & Simulation Developer, ICONS Project, START

University of Maryland
Elizabeth Petrun Elizabeth Petrun Sayers

Associate Behavioral and Social Scientist

RAND Corporation
Emily Iarocci Emily Iarocci

Senior Researcher, START

University of Maryland
START Researcher Gabrielle Matuzsan Gabrielle Matuzsan

Analyst, Government Accountability Office

Research Affiliate, START

University of Maryland
Gary Ackerman Gary Ackerman

Director, Unconventional Weapons and Technology Division, START

University of Maryland
Herbert Tinsley

Senior Researcher, START

University of Maryland
James Halverson

Researcher, START

University of Maryland
John Sawyer John Sawyer

Commercialization Director, START

University of Maryland
Joshua House

GIS Coordinator, START

University of Maryland
Karina Panyan

Research Assistant, Global Terrorism Database (GTD), START

University of Maryland
Lyubov Mincheva

Executive Director, Graduate Program in International Relations and Security Studies

University of Sofia, Bulgaria
Marcus A. Boyd

Senior Researcher, GIS, START

University of Maryland
Michelle Jacome Michelle Jacome

Project Manager/Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Mila Jonns Mila Johns

Researcher

n/a
Prabhakar Misra Prabhakar Misra

Professor of Physics

Howard University
R. Karl Rethemeyer R. Karl Rethemeyer

Associate Professor of Public Administration & Policy

University at Albany, State University of New York
Rebecca (Becca) Earnhardt

Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Ronald Breiger Ronald Breiger

Professor of Sociology

University of Arizona
Salma Bouziani

Project Manager/Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Sarah Spalding Sarah Spalding

Researcher/Analyst, START

University of Maryland
Sharad Joshi

Assistant Professor, Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey

Associate Fellow of International Security, Chatham House

Monterey Institute of International Studies
Steve Sin

Senior Researcher, START

Subject Matter Expert Instructor, National Center for Security & Preparedness

University of Maryland
Tara Kirk Sell

Senior Associate

Johns Hopkins University
Thomas Guarrieri

Senior Researcher, Unconventional Weapons & Technology (UWT) Division, START

University of Maryland
Victor Asal

Associate Professor of Political Science and Chair of Public Administration

University at Albany, State University of New York
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