Despite plentiful scholarship relating to the prospect of terrorists utilizing chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) weapons, little of this work is both quantitative in nature and global in scope. Leveraging open-source data, this study quantitatively explores factors influencing the terrorist organizational decision to pursue CBRN weapons. The findings suggest that organizations embedded in alliance structures and based in authoritarian countries with relatively strong connections to a globalized world are more likely to seek to develop or acquire CBRN weapons. Contrary to previous qualitative studies, the present study failed to find a significant relationship between CBRN pursuit and religious ideology.
Asal, Victor, and Gary Ackerman, R. Karl Rethemeyer. 2012. "Connections Can be Toxic: Terrorist Organizational Factors and the Pursuit of CBRN Weapons." Studies of Conflict & Terrorism (February): 229-254. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1057610X.2012.648156