A Department of Homeland Security Emeritus Center of Excellence led by the University of Maryland

Natural Hazards


Natural Hazards

Project Title Investigators Project Period
How Forecasters Decide to Warn: Insights on Tornado Risk Communication from the Southeast U.S. Brooke Liu, Anita Atwell Seate September, 2017 to August, 2019
School Emergency Public Information and Warning/Information Sharing Brooke Liu, Holly Roberts October, 2015 to September, 2016
Understanding Tornado Warnings, False Alarms, and Complacency, and Proposing Theory-Directed Solutions for Effective Warnings Michael Egnoto, Brooke Liu October, 2015 to September, 2016
Social Media Use during Disasters Brooke Liu July, 2012 to October, 2013
Community Field Studies and Analyses of Preparedness Networks Kathleen Tierney May, 2005 to September, 2009
National Household Survey Dennis Mileti, Linda Bourque July, 2005 to May, 2009
Community Assessment of Resilience Tool (CART) Betty Pfefferbaum, Fran Norris June, 2005 to May, 2008
Developing Community Resilience for Children and Families Betty Pfefferbaum, Fran Norris June, 2005 to May, 2008
Project Title Publication Datesort descending START Authors Publication Type
First-Aid Training and Capabilities of the Lay Public: A Potential Alternative Source of Emergency Medical Assistance Following a Natural Disaster March 2005 Bourque, Linda Journal Article
Identification and Evaluation of Mental Health and Psychosocial Preparedness Resources From the Centers for Public Health Preparedness June 2005 Pfefferbaum, Betty Journal Article
Are Natural Hazards and Disaster Losses in the U.S. Increasing? October 2005 Cutter, Susan Journal Article
Psychometric Characteristics of Spanish and English Versions of the Civilian Mississippi Scale December 2005 Bourque, Linda Journal Article
Early Physical Health Consequences of Disaster Exposure and Acute Disaster-Related PTSD January 2006 Norris, Fran Journal Article
Moral Hazard, Social Catastrophe: The Changing Face of Vulnerability along the Hurricane Coasts March 2006 Cutter, Susan Journal Article
Metaphors Matter: Disaster Myths, Media Frames, and their Consequences in Hurricane Katrina March 2006 Tierney, Kathleen Journal Article
Challenges in Implementing Disaster Mental Health Programs: State Program Directors' Perspective April 2006 Norris, Fran Journal Article
Disaster Research Methods: Past Progress and Future Directions April 2006 Norris, Fran Journal Article
The Geography of Social Vulnerability: Race, Class, and Catastrophe June 2006 Cutter, Susan Report
The Red Pill June 2006 Tierney, Kathleen Report
Morbidity and Mortality Associated with Disasters July 2006 Bourque, Linda; Wood, Michele Book Chapter
Annotated Bibliography for Public Risk Communication on Warnings for Public Protective Actions Response and Public Education September 2006 Mileti, Dennis; Sutton, Jeannette; Bourque, Linda; Wood, Michele Report
A Psychometric Analysis of Project Liberty's Adult Enhanced Services Referral Tool September 2006 Norris, Fran Journal Article
Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government January 2007 Tierney, Kathleen Book
Testimony on Needed Emergency Management Reforms January 2007 Tierney, Kathleen Journal Article
From the Margins to the Mainstream? Disaster Research at the Crossroads April 2007 Tierney, Kathleen Journal Article
Vulnerability of U.S. Cities to Environmental Hazards June 2007 Cutter, Susan Journal Article
Experiences with and Preparedness for Emergencies and Disasters Among Public Schools in California September 2007 Bourque, Linda Journal Article
Community Resilience and Wellness for Children Exposed to Hurricane Katrina November 2007 Pfefferbaum, Betty; Norris, Fran; Pfefferbaum, Rose Book Chapter
Toward a Comprehensive Loss Inventory of Weather and Climate Hazards November 2007 Cutter, Susan Book Chapter
Youth's Reactions to Disasters and the Factors That Influence Their Response January 2008 Pfefferbaum, Betty Journal Article
Katrina Survivors Relocated to Oklahoma: A Tale of Two Cities February 2008 Pfefferbaum, Betty Journal Article
Temporal and Spatial Changes in Social Vulnerability to Natural Hazards February 2008 Cutter, Susan Journal Article
Children and Families in the Context of Disasters: Implications for Preparedness and Response April 2008 Pfefferbaum, Betty Journal Article
Validation of the Short Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Rating Interview (expanded version, Sprint-E) as a Measure of Postdisaster Distress and Treatment Need July 2008 Norris, Fran Journal Article
Children Displaced by Hurricane Katrina: A Focus Group Study July 2008 Pfefferbaum, Betty Journal Article
Planning for Pet Evacuations During Disasters July 2008 Cutter, Susan Journal Article
Training for Disaster Response Personnel: The Development of Proposed Core Competencies in Disaster Mental Health July 2008 Pfefferbaum, Betty Journal Article
Financial and Social Circumstances and the Incidence and Course of PTSD in Mississippi During the First Two Years After Hurricane Katrina August 2008 Norris, Fran Journal Article
Spatial Patterns of Natural Hazards Mortality in the United States December 2008 Cutter, Susan Journal Article
Research with Children Exposed to Disasters December 2008 Pfefferbaum, Betty Journal Article
Service Characteristics and Counseling Outcomes: Lessons from a Cross-Site Evaluation of Crisis Counseling after Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma May 2009 Norris, Fran Journal Article
Innovations in Disaster Mental Health Services and Evaluation: National, State, and Local Responses to Hurricane Katrina May 2009 Norris, Fran Journal Article
Evaluation of a National Effort to Reach Hurricane Katrina Survivors and Evacuees: The Crisis Counseling Assistance and Training Program May 2009 Norris, Fran Journal Article
Factors Predicting Crisis Counselor Referrals to Other Crisis Counseling, Disaster Relief, and Psychological Services: A Cross-site Analysis of Post-Katrina Programs May 2009 Norris, Fran Journal Article
Piloting a New Model of Crisis Counseling: Specialized Crisis Counseling Services in Mississippi after Hurricane Katrina May 2009 Norris, Fran Journal Article
Looking for Resilience: Understanding the Longitudinal Trajectories of Responses to Stress June 2009 Norris, Fran Journal Article
When Do Losses Count? Six Fallacies of Natural Hazards Loss Data June 2009 Cutter, Susan Journal Article
The Role of Public Health in Mental and Behavioral Health in Children and Families Following Disasters November 2009 Pfefferbaum, Betty Journal Article
Emotional and Biological Stress Measures in Katrina Survivors Relocated to Oklahoma March 2010 Pfefferbaum, Betty Journal Article
Serious Emotion Disturbance Among Youth Exposed To Hurricane Katrina Two Years Post-Disaster October 2010 Pfefferbaum, Betty Journal Article
Exploring Community Resilience in Workforce Communities of First Responders Serving Katrina Survivors November 2010 Pfefferbaum, Betty; Norris, Fran; Pfefferbaum, Rose Journal Article
Introducing 'Political Resilience' August 2012 McCauley, Clark Discussion Point
Practice Parameter on Disaster Preparedness November 2013 Pfefferbaum, Betty Journal Article
The Precarious Nature of Food April 2015 Cutter, Susan Op-ed
The Landscape of Disaster Resilience Indicators in the USA September 2015 Cutter, Susan Journal Article
Our Hazardous Environment: Four Decades of Progress or Retrenchment? January 2016 Cutter, Susan Journal Article
Balancing Pre-disaster Preparedness and Post-disaster Relief January 2016 Zhuang, Jun Journal Article
Understanding Tornado Warnings, False Alarms, and Complacency September 2016 Liu, Brooke; Roberts, Holly; Egnoto, Michael Fact Sheet
START Annual Meeting 2016: Quick-Fire Presentation - Unconventional Weapons and Technology, Political Instability, Risk Communication October 2016 Ackerman, Gary; LaFree, Gary; Roberts, Holly; Binder, Markus; Egnoto, Michael; Sin, Steve Presentation
Geotargeted Alerts and Warnings March 2017 Wood, Michele Book Chapter
Is a Picture Worth a Thousand Words? The Effects of Maps and Warning Messages on How Publics Respond to Disaster Information April 2017 Liu, Brooke; Mileti, Dennis; Bean, Hamilton; Sutton, Jeannette; Egnoto, Michael; Wood, Michele; Madden, Stephanie Journal Article
Advancing Understanding of Tornado Warnings, False Alarms, and Complacency September 2017 Liu, Brooke; Roberts, Holly; Egnoto, Michael Research Brief
Linkages between Vulnerability and Resilience January 2018 Cutter, Susan Book Chapter
Rumor Response, Debunking Response, and Decision Makings of Misinformed Twitter Users during Disasters May 2018 Zhuang, Jun Journal Article
Disasters: A Sociological Approach March 2019 Tierney, Kathleen Book
Cry Wolf Effect? Evaluating the Impact of False Alarms on Public Responses to Tornado Alerts in the Southeastern United States April 2019 Liu, Brooke; Egnoto, Michael Journal Article
How Mobile Home Residents Understand and Respond to Tornado Warnings April 2019 Liu, Brooke; Egnoto, Michael Journal Article
Individuals’ Religiosity and Emotional Coping in Response to Disasters April 2019 Liu, Brooke; Roberts, Holly; Egnoto, Michael Journal Article
A Case Study of Climate Change, Extreme Weather Events, and Risk Communication in a Coastal Community June 2019 Petrun Sayers, Elizabeth Book Chapter
Reaching Vulnerable Populations in the Disaster-Prone US Gulf Coast: Communicating Across the Crisis Lifecycle August 2019 Petrun Sayers, Elizabeth Journal Article
Top-Down and Bottom-Up Measurement to Enhance Community Resilience to Disasters September 2019 Schoch-Spana, Monica Journal Article
Tornado Warning: Understanding the National Weather Service’s Communication Strategies January 2020 Atwell Seate, Anita; Liu, Brooke; Herovic, Emina; Iles, Irina A. Journal Article
Eyes of the Storm: How Citizen Scientists Contribute to Government Forecasting and Risk Communication April 2020 Atwell Seate, Anita; Liu, Brooke; Herovic, Emina; Iles, Irina A. Journal Article
Machines, Monsters, and Coffin Corners: Broadcast Meteorologists’ Use of Figurative and Intense Language During Hurricane Harvey April 2020 Sutton, Jeannette Journal Article
Title
Focus groups yield insight into complacency in emergency situations
New NOAA project aims to improve all hazards risk communication
Study shows longer emergency text alerts improve safety
START seeking 2014 Outstanding Article Award nominations
Database Spotlight -- Public Warnings and Evacuations: A Study of the 2009 California Station Fire
Mapping a career: Former START intern observed Hurricane Sandy from FEMA headquarters
New report: Social media use during disasters
Researcher Spotlight: Dennis Mileti and the sociology of disaster
Researcher Spotlight: Monica Schoch-Spana
School principals can help assess community resilience
START interns nominated for DHS award
Increasing risk perception alone won't improve preparedness
The tradeoffs between protecting against man-made and natural disasters
START participates in risk communication conference
START Investigators Participate in 2011 American Sociological Association Annual Conference
Spring 2011 START Bulletin Now Available
Have you seen it yet? START Research Review
START releases first Research Review
*New Training Program* Crisis Manager's Course: Leadership for Catastrophic Events
Call for Posters: Emergency Pre‐Event Communication
START Site Launched at Lessons Learned Information Sharing (LLIS.gov)
SC's Hazards & Vulnerability Research Institute releases Social Vulnerability Index (SoVI)
START Launches Research Brief Series
START Welcomes New Advisory Board Member
START Researchers Featured in TIME Magazine
Natural Hazards Center co-sponsors Capitol Hill event on critical hazards facing the U.S.
Tierney to Host Web Chat on Preparedness with National City Network
START investigator, Susan Cutter, advises Congress
START Announces Fellowships for 2005-06
Image Title Job Title Institution
Alexandra Williams

Junior Researcher

University of Maryland
Photo of Brooke Liu Brooke Liu

Professor of Communication and START Affiliated Faculty Member

University of Maryland
Marcus A. Boyd

Geospatial Research Unit (GRU) Director, START

Director of Graduate Studies, START

University of Maryland
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