A Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence led by the University of Maryland

Violence Adoption and Desistance


Violence Adoption and Desistance

Project Title Investigators Project Period
Unifying Approaches to Adversarial Modeling H. Brinton Milward, Ronald Breiger July, 2015 to December, 2017
Dynamics of Terrorism and Counterterrorism Campaigns Gary Ackerman, Joseph Young, R. Karl Rethemeyer, Victor Asal July, 2014 to December, 2017
Empirical Assessment of Domestic Radicalization (EADR) Michael Jensen, Gary LaFree January, 2013 to December, 2016
Terrorist and Extremist Organizations (TEO) Database Jonathan Wilkenfeld, R. Karl Rethemeyer July, 2012 to December, 2016
Radicalization of Momin Khawaja Clark McCauley, Sophia Moskalenko July, 2013 to June, 2015
Terrorist Behavior and Societal Tolerance of Violence Risa Brooks July, 2012 to December, 2013
Turning to Terrorism: Ethnic, Religious, and Extremist Organizations Jonathan Wilkenfeld, Victor Asal June, 2008 to December, 2011
Guerilla Insurgency: The Springboard to Terrorism? Mark Lichbach, Paul Huth June, 2008 to August, 2011
Tracking Sympathy and Support of Muslims for Terrorism in Muslim Countries and in the United Kingdom Clark McCauley June, 2008 to May, 2011
Patterns of Radicalization in Political Activism Donatella della Porta June, 2008 to December, 2009
Assessing the Effectiveness of Current De-Radicalization Initiatives and Identifying Implications for the Development of U.S.-Based Initiatives in Multiple Settings John Horgan June, 2008 to June, 2009
Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami: The Challenge of a Non-Violent Radical Islam Clark McCauley, Emmanuel Karagiannis June, 2005 to June, 2009
Understanding Desistance from Terrorism Clark McCauley May, 2005 to May, 2009
Project Title Publication Date START Authors Publication Type
A Bloodless Guerrilla Warfare: Why U.S. White Leftists Renounced Violence Against People During the 1970s January 2015 Journal Article
Are the National Liberation Front (FLN) Terrorists or Heroes? January 2015 Journal Article
Art-Based Approaches and Identity from War-Making to Peace-Making: Exploring the Ethiopian-Eritrean Experience January 2015 Journal Article
Competition, Differentation, and the Severity of Terrorist Attacks April 2015 Journal Article
Conjuring Up the Next Attack: The Future-Orientedness of Terror and the Counterterrorist Imagination March 2015 Journal Article
Counterterrorism, Community Policing and the Flags Protests: An Examination of Police Perceptions of Northern Ireland's Operation Dulcet April 2015 Journal Article
Crisis managers but not conflict resolvers: Mediating ethnic intrastate conflict in Africa July 2013 Wilkenfeld, Jonathan Journal Article
Culture and Terrorism: The Role of Cultural Factors in Worldwide Terrorism (1970-2013) July 2015 Journal Article
Disengagement from Ideologically-Based and Violent Organizations: A Systematic Review of the Literature October 2016 Ligon, Gina Scott; Simi, Peter Journal Article
Divided We Stand: The Strategy and Psychology of Ireland's Dissident Terrorists, by John Horgan April 2015 Book Review
Do Good Borders Make Good Rebels? Territorial Control and Civilian Casualties January 2017 Journal Article
Doctrine and Violence: The Impact of Combatant Training on Civilian Killings January 2016 Journal Article
Examining the Effect of Repressive and Conciliatory Government Actions on Terrorism Activity in Israel May 2015 Parkin, William Journal Article
From Countermemory to Collective Memory: Acknowledging the "Mississippi Burning" Murders June 2015 Journal Article
From Terrorism to 'Radicalization' to 'Extremism': Counterterrorism Imperative or Loss of Focus? March 2015 Journal Article
Group Desistance from Terrorism: A Dynamic Perspective November 2009 McCauley, Clark Journal Article
Juvenile Law and Jihad: Exploring Anti-Terror Legislation and Calling for Mandatory Juvenile Treatement of Radicalized Teens Joining ISIS in Syria July 2016 Journal Article
Media Effects: Do Terrorist Organizations Launch Foreign Attacks in Response to Levels of Press Freedom or Press Attention? May 2015 Asal, Victor Journal Article
Organizational-Level Characteristics in Right-Wing Extremist Groups in the United States Over Time February 2016 Freilich, Joshua; Chermak, Steven; Asal, Victor Journal Article
Persuasive Narratives and Costly Actions March 2015 Journal Article
Political Mobilization and Institutions April 2015 Chenoweth, Erica Book Chapter
Routine Activities and Right-Wing Extremists: An Empirical Comparison of the Victims of Ideologically Motivated and Non-Ideologically Motivated Homicides Committed by American Far-Rightists August 2015 Freilich, Joshua; Parkin, William Journal Article
Secure in their Beliefs: Personal Security, the Quest for Personal Significance, and the Psychology of Extremism April 2015 Kruglanski, Arie Book Chapter
Social Mobilization and Violence in Civil War and their Social Legacies April 2015 Book Chapter
Target-Oriented Utility Theory for Modeling the Deterrent Effects of Counterterrorism November 2014 Bier, Vicki Journal Article
Terrorist Choice: A Stochastic Dominance and Prospect Theory Analysis April 2015 Journal Article
Terrorist Rehabilitation: Genesis, Genealogy and Likely Future June 2015 Book Chapter
The Dynamics of Radicalization: A Relational and Comparative Perspective June 2015 Book
The Puzzle of Nonviolence in Western Sahara May 2016 Leuprecht, Christian Journal Article
The Role of Former Combatants in Preventing Youth Involvement in Terrorism in Northern Ireland: A Framework for Assessing Former Islamic State Combatants February 2016 Journal Article
The Western Muhajirat of ISIS April 2015 Journal Article
Toward a Profile of Lone Wolf Terrorists: What Moves an Individual from Radical Opinion to Radical Action January 2014 McCauley, Clark; Moskalenko, Sophia Journal Article
Towards a Deeper Understanding of 21st Century Global Terrorism January 2016 Journal Article
Turning Away from Terrorism: Lessons from Psychology, Sociology, and Criminology September 2014 Horgan, John Journal Article
Understanding Lone-actor Terrorism: A Comparative Analysis with Violent Hate Crimes and Group-based Terrorism September 2013 Deloughery, Kathleen; King, Ryan; Asal, Victor Report
Walking Away: The Disengagement and De-radicalization of a Violent Right-Wing Extremist March 2016 Horgan, John Journal Article
Why Violence Abates: Imposed and Elective Declines in Terrorism Attacks March 2015 Journal Article
Image Title Job Title Institution
Photo of Barnett Koven Barnett Koven

Senior Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Devin Ellis

Policy & Research Program Director, ICONS Project

University of Maryland
Erica Chenoweth Erica Chenoweth

Associate Professor of International Studies

University of Denver
Erin Miller Erin Miller

GTD Program Manager, START

University of Maryland
Jeremy Backstrom

Faculty Research Assistant, Global Terrorism Database

University of Maryland
Dr. John Stevenson, START John Stevenson

Senior Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Omi Hodwitz

Assistant Research Scholar, START

University of Maryland
Peter Weinberger Peter Weinberger

Senior Researcher, START

University of Maryland
Victor Asal

Associate Professor of Political Science

University at Albany, State University of New York
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