Today’s foreign fighters in Syria are difficult to compare with yesterday’s foreign fighters. Political radicalisation is no longer the key driver. Their decision is embedded in a youth subculture that developed in reaction to an environment many resent as complex, demanding, unequal, and devoid of hope for a better future. Syria is a way of escape.
Coolsaet, Rik. 2015. "What Drives Europeans to Syria, and to IS? Insights From the Belgian Case." The Egmont Papers 75 (March): 1-27. http://www.giis.ugent.be/publications/2015/what-drives-europeans-to-syria