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Situational Crime Prevention and Non-violent Terrorism: A 'Soft' Approach against Ideologically Motivated Tax-refusal


Situational Crime Prevention and Non-violent Terrorism: A 'Soft' Approach against Ideologically Motivated Tax-refusal

Abstract: 

This paper explores the applicability of Situational Crime Prevention (SCP) to "ideologically motivated tax refusal," a non-violent crime of omission committed by far-right extremists in the United States as a form of political protest. Most terrorism research focuses on stopping violent behaviors by terrorists, neglecting the relationship existing between terrorism and other serious – but nonviolent – ideological crimes. All previous applications of SCP have been to criminal offenses that require a proactive behavior on the side of the offender. Our paper examined these issues as well as factors that contribute to the occurrence of tax refusal among far-rightists, such as the offenders' characteristics, decision-making process and resources, to highlight the opportunity structure and possible key points for intervention. In conclusion, we suggested the use of eight selected situational techniques that propose a "soft" approach – as defined by Wortley and others in contrast with traditional "hard" SCP (e.g., target-hardening, etc.) – for preventing this crime problem.

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Full Citation: 

Belli, Roberta, and Joshua Freilich. 2009. "Situational Crime Prevention and Non-violent Terrorism: A 'Soft' Approach against Ideologically Motivated Tax-refusal." Crime Prevention Studies (November): 173-206. www.gbv.de/dms/sub-hamburg/689966989.pdf

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