Suicide bombings evoke shock and incredulity, yet they have become a prevalent method of violence around the globe, especially in the Muslim world. Since the 1980s, we have seen suicide attacks in the Middle East, Africa, South, Southeast, and Central Asia, Europe and North America. More ominous perhaps is the growth of transnational suicide bombers who migrate from their relatively tranquil societies to conflict zones in the hope of fighting and dying as martyrs: Tunisians from Belgium carrying out suicide attacks in Afghanistan; Saudis killing and dying in Iraq; and a young Nigerian seeking to detonate explosives on an American plane on behalf of an extremist group in Yemen.
Hafez, Mohammed M. 2016. "Martyrs Without Borders: The Puzzle of Transnational Suicide Bombers." In The Ashgate Research Companion to Political Violence, ed. Marie Breen-Smyth. New York: Routledge, 185-204. https://books.google.com/books?id=hM3OCwAAQBAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s