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Evaluating Counterterrorism Policies: Deterrence and Defiance Models of Violence in Northern Ireland


Evaluating Counterterrorism Policies: Deterrence and Defiance Models of Violence in Northern Ireland

Abstract: 
Although the goal of criminal justice and military responses to terrorism is to deter, or decrease
the risk of further use of terrorist violence, previous research has found that counter-terrorism
activities may actually increase the use of terrorist violence through what is termed a defiance
effect. The goal of this project is to test these two competing predicted outcomes of criminal
justice and military responses to terrorism in the case of five major British counter terrorist
interventions in Northern Ireland from 1969 to 1992.

Publication Information

Full Citation: 

LaFree, Gary. 2006. "Evaluating Counterterrorism Policies: Deterrence and Defiance Models of Violence in Northern Ireland." Presented at the Marriott Inn and Conference Center/ University of Maryland, College Park. www.start.umd.edu/start/publications/lafree.ppt

START Author(s): 
Gary LaFree
Publication URL: 
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