This book aims to uncover the root causes of natural and man-made disasters by going beyond the typical reports and case studies conducted post-disaster. It opens the black box of disasters by presenting ‘forensic analysis approaches’ to disasters, thereby revealing the complex causality that characterizes them and explaining how and why hazards do, or do not, become disasters. This yields ‘systemic’ strategies for managing disasters. Recently the global threat landscape has seen the emergence of high-impact, low-probability events. Events like Hurricane Katrina, the Great Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, Hurricane Sandy, Super Typhoon Haiyan, global terrorist activities, aviation and critical infrastructure disasters have become the new normal. Extreme events challenge our understanding regarding the interdependencies and complexity of the disaster etiology and are often referred to as Black Swans. As described in UNISDR  ‘…between 2002 and 2011, there were 4130 disasters recorded, resulting from natural hazards around the world where 1,117,527 people perished and a minimum of US$1195 billion was recorded in losses. In the year 2011 alone, 302 disasters claimed 29,782 lives; affected 206 million people and inflicted damages worth an estimated US$366 billion.’ This book opens the black box of disasters by presenting ‘forensic analysis approaches’ to disaster investigations and analysis, thereby revealing the complex causality that characterizes them. In so doing it identifies ‘new and innovative’ strategies in analyzing accidents and disasters.
Masys, Anthony J. 2016. Disaster Forensics: Understanding Root Cause and Complex Causality. Ottawa: Springer. https://books.google.com/books?id=QBz4DAAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false