While domestic terrorism has long been a challenge around the world, many countries are only now beginning to develop comprehensive strategies to address the causes of violent religious extremism. In seeking to understand how to effectively address this threat, it is imperative to examine frontline states like Pakistan. While Pakistan has waged war on and off with anti-state militants like the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), it has struggled for more than a decade to deal with the ideological dimensions of such threats. Because the vast majority of extremist violence in Pakistan is perpetrated by groups that use religion for motivation and legitimacy, it is imperative that Pakistan, and other countries, develop strategies to address drivers of extremism based on a clear understanding of the religious dimension.
Johnston, Douglas, Andrew McDonnell, Henry Burbridge, and James Patton. 2016. "Countering Violent Religious Extremism in Pakistan: Strategies for Engaging Conservative Muslims." International Center for Religion and Diplomacy (March): 1-37. http://icrd.org/wp-content/uploads/Countering-Violent-Religious-Extremism-in-Pakistan-White-Paper.pdf