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The Choice of Terrorism: Terrorist Behavior by Middle Eastern Minorities At Risk Organizations


The Choice of Terrorism: Terrorist Behavior by Middle Eastern Minorities At Risk Organizations

Abstract: 

What factors make it more likely that an organization will turn to the targeting of civilians as a political strategy? This paper draws from a new data base created through a collaboration between the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism at the University of Maryland (START Center, see http://www.start.umd.edu ) and the Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project (http://www.cidcm.umd.edu/mar/) to build a database that puts the decision to use and continue to use terrorism as a tactic within a useful empirical comparable context. This project collected yearly organizational level data for all organizations in the Middle East that claimed to represent a MAR group which survived for at least three years during the period from 1980 to 2004. In this paper we argue that the targeting of civilians by non-state organizations will be more or less likely depending upon the ideological motivations of the organization, the capability of the organization and the behavior of the government.

Publication Information

Full Citation: 

Asal, Victor, and Mitchell Brown. 2010. "The Choice of Terrorism: Terrorist Behavior by Middle Eastern Minorities At Risk Organizations." Journal of Peace Research (January): http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/2/1/0/3...

START Author(s): 
Victor Asal
Publication URL: 
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