This article explores two ways of conceptualizing ties between charity, contentious politics, political violence, and terrorism. The first half of the article discusses how social and political exclusion serve as motivations for within-group philanthropy, political activism, and political violence. Using this conceptualization, charity and terrorism can be seen as two activities among a range of possible actions that address grievance and exclusion. The second half of the article discusses how terrorist organizations and political insurgents use charity as a tool to move community members along a “continuum of community support” toward greater acceptance of and participation in violent activities.
Flanigan, Shawn. 2006. "Charity as Resistance: Connections Between Charity, Contentious Politics, and Terror." Studies in Conflict and Terrorism (July): 29:641-655. http://pdfserve.informaworld.com/70138_731196578_756760896.pdf