In 1830, under the pretense of a slight given to the French consul by the Ottoman leader in Algiers, France invaded Algeria and quickly took Algiers and the rest of the coastal areas. From that time on the French colonists, or Colons as they come to be known as, were in control and the Algerian people were reduced to second class citizens in their own country. During World War II many Algerians fought for France under the promise that when the war was over they would have more freedoms and power in the colonial government. This promise was one of many that the French never kept. After the French Colons broke this promise at the end of the war the Algerian people were saying enough. Organizations such as the National Liberation Front began to take shape to fight for the freedom of the Algerian people.
Mosbacker, Krista. 2015. "Are the National Liberation Front (FLN) Terrorists or Heroes?" Crescat Scientia (January): 21-33. http://www.uvu.edu/hps/docs/2015crescat.pdf#page=35