Rail-truck intermodal transportation has experienced remarkable growth over the past three decades, and plays a vital role in the freight transportation system in North America. Hence, a crucial issue is to guarantee continuity of service and to minimize the adverse impacts following disruption, natural or man-made. We make the first attempt to develop an analytical framework that could be used by rail intermodal owners to determine the best fortification plan in order to minimize the impact of a worst-case attack. The complexity of the resulting tri-level mathematical model motivated the development of a decomposition-based heuristic solution technique, and the resulting analytical approach was used to solve and analyze problem instances generated using the realistic infrastructure of a railroad operator.
Sarhadi, Hassan, David Tulett, and Manish Verma. 2016. "An Analytical Approach to the Protection Planning of a Rail Intermodal Terminal Network." European Journal of Operational Research (July): 1-15. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377221716305732